puroBIO cosmetics – International Website https://purobiocosmetics.com Organic Make Up | Made in Italy Tue, 04 Feb 2020 14:04:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.2 microplastics and ECHA restrictions https://purobiocosmetics.com/microplastics-and-echa-restrictions/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/microplastics-and-echa-restrictions/#respond Tue, 04 Feb 2020 11:14:37 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1592 Dear Customer,
puroBIO would like to provide you with information about the use of microplastics and consequent ECHA restrictions.

Although the use of microplastics in cosmetic products represents only 1,5% of their overall environmental impact, ECHA, together with the rest of Europe, has defined the restrictions and operational interventions related to Microplastics. Each member country has implemented several measures to ban, as a first measure, the use of microplastics in rinse-off and exfoliating products with different implementation time frames. In Italy specifically, exfoliating products or detergents containing microplastics can no longer be sold after January 2020. Similarly, other countries outside Europe have implemented different restrictive policies with different time frames.

The ECHA restriction programme is not limited to rinse-off products, but also comprises leave-on products with different timeframes.

In this regard puroBIO, a brand specialising in the production of certified organic make-up and skin care products, DECLARES that its products do not contain microplastics, as reported by ECHA and in the report provided by Cosmetics Europe, as a priority in the determination of the restriction foreseen for January 2020.

For clarifications, please contact the puroBIO regulatory office at regulatory@purobiocosmetics.com

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The new puroBIO cosmetics eyeshadows https://purobiocosmetics.com/the-new-purebio-cosmetics-eyeshadows/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/the-new-purebio-cosmetics-eyeshadows/#respond Tue, 08 Oct 2019 10:27:37 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1520 We have also decided to improve on Anniversary # 4 with 3 new eye shadow pods: two matte eye shadows and one shimmer eyeshadow.

The formulation of these eye shadows is in line with those already in the range, but we see the shades in detail:

Shimmer eyeshadow Grenade

it is a leading color, a splendid red with fuchsia reflections and orange base, it can also be used as a single eye shadow for an intense eye look!

Hot Brown matte eyeshadow

This new warm brown is added to the other two browns in the range, its warm undertones make it perfect for daytime looks, on incarnations from neutral to warm, and it is wonderful as a transitional color for more intense looks.

Matte orange eyeshadow

Dark orange on the other hand is a beautiful color that adds intensity to the look, also beautiful as a transitional color, you will love it if you like our eyeshadow 12.

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Generation Y https://purobiocosmetics.com/generation-y/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/generation-y/#respond Tue, 08 Oct 2019 10:23:12 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1513 The new range of Sublime Drop Foundation with the Yellow undertone.

The new Drop Foundation “Y” are born to satisfy the needs of those who have undertones of the skin tending to yellow.

What is the undertone?

The undertone of our skin is the basic shade of the skin; generally it is cold, warm or neutral.

The skin has a tone and a undertone:

  • The tone is the most external and superficial;
  • The undertone is the background color of the skin.
  • Skin tone varies with depending on internal and external factors such as seasonality (eg tanning), health or age.

The undertone, on the other hand does not change, remains unchanged and is completely disconnected from the tone.

In the “creation” phase of a product, it is possible to go into even more detail, deciding to turn the various undertones towards some shades or other shades.

As can be seen from the table below, in our line are 4 types of undertones:

Cool / NeutralCold / PinkWarm / Yellow – Hot / Red


How to identify the perfect undertone?

This is a slightly complex issue, so a good video of our Silvia is the best tool to clarify these concepts.

In this video Silvia will explain:

  • Features and functions of our facial bases;
  • How to identify the perfect foundation;
  • How to find your own undertone.

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Let’s start with ZERO https://purobiocosmetics.com/lets-start-with-zero/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/lets-start-with-zero/#respond Tue, 08 Oct 2019 10:15:54 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1503 We present the ZERO Numbers of the Sublime Drop Foundation Line.


We present the new Drop Foundation n. 00 and 00Y.

Anniversary 4 brings with it 8 new Drop Foundation. Of these 8 new Drop, 2 were born thanks to your many feedbacks, which for a year now have asked us to make lighter foundation shades of the shade n. 1.

And so we set to work to realize this type of product and thus compensate for a lack of our line that you have been pointing out for some time.

Why two Zero numbers?

Because with this release we have literally doubled the range of the Sublime Drop Foundation, bringing them from 6 to 14 shades: 7 with Neutral / Pink and 7 with Yellow undertone.

Both ranges of undertones are composed of 7 shades that for the first time in the history of puraBIO start again from n.00 and not from n.01.

At the moment there are no samples available in shades 00 and 00Y, so we invite you to go to the nearest pureBIO store to test the new shades and new undertones.

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We are, and we always have been. Find out the why behind the PETA Cruelty Free certification https://purobiocosmetics.com/we-are-and-we-always-have-been-find-out-the-why-behind-the-peta-cruelty-free-certification/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/we-are-and-we-always-have-been-find-out-the-why-behind-the-peta-cruelty-free-certification/#respond Tue, 21 May 2019 07:56:11 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1356 For some time, puroBIO has been on the list of Cruelty Free companies compiled by PETA .  

How important is it to be on the PETA list?

On a global level, the work done by PETA is very important because it aims to spread, as much as possible, a different approach to the fundamental rights of animals, which aim at

“Guaranteed fundamental rights and the respect of their interests apart from considerations of utility for human beings”. 

The aims and objectives that go beyond make-up and which enhance the objective of not sacrificing more animal life in the economic, entrepreneurial and productive activities of human beings.

Make-up and Cruelty Free

One of the most frequent questions amongst the thousands we receive every day is that concerning animal testing.

As we said, the purposes of PETA are noble and of great help and inspiration on a global level, but, as regards the European Union, to regulate these aspects, laws and regulations have been devised.

Specifically, Article 18 of Regulation (EC) No.1223/2009 expressly prohibits the placing on the market of cosmetic products tested on animals.

Tests on finished products have been forbidden since 2004; tests on raw materials have been forbidden since 2009.

Therefore, since March 2009, it has been absolutely forbidden to put on the market any finished product that contains raw materials previously tested on animals.

Why have we only just added the PETA Cruelty Free logo?

We were founded in 2014, the year in which all regulations were already widely in force and complied with.

We decided to add to our certification logo PETA because the sensitivity towards this issue is ultimately increasing and, to dispel any doubt, even to those who, rightly, do not know the evolution of the norms, but recognise Cruelty Free products simply by identifying them by the logo with the bunny.

This is why the addition of the PETA logo fills us with pride, but does not change anything:  None of our products or raw materials that compose them are, or have been, tested on animals.

So, let us give a great welcome to the PETA Bunny that goes to be alongside our other certifications.

If you want further details on the topic or if you have queries, please contact our Customer Care at the following email address: customercare@purobiocosmetics.it, our staff will surely answer your questions in full. If you want further details on the topic or if you have queries, please contact our Customer Care at the following email address: customercare@purobiocosmetics.it, our staff will surely answer your questions in full.

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Sunscreens and cosmetics: nano or microparticles? https://purobiocosmetics.com/sunscreens-and-cosmetics-nano-or-microparticles/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/sunscreens-and-cosmetics-nano-or-microparticles/#respond Tue, 08 Jan 2019 13:01:38 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1207 In a recent article we have already dealt with sunscreens. We have highlighted how solar radiation can damage our skin.

In fact, the energy transmitted by the UV rays causes the formation of free radicals thatreact in turn with the molecules of the cellular structures, degrading them and making them, at the very least, less functional.

This leads, over time, to degenerative processes such as skin ageing (spots and wrinkles) and the development of skin tumours.

We have placed the emphasis on the sun protection factor (SPF) and how important it is to daily use cosmetics that offer a certain degree of protection from UV rays.

In this article we will talk again about sunscreens and their composition, because they are not all the same.

Some contain chemical filters (cinnamates, triazine and mexoryl), ie substances that interact chemically with the sun’s rays, absorbing their impact.

The best sunscreens are based on physical filters (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide), ie white powders that absorb and reflect light. The physical filters therefore also act upstream: they prevent UV rays from reaching the surface of the skin.

Solar cosmetics based on titanium dioxide give excellent protection not only against UV rays but also against visible light (400-800 nm) and infrared rays (heat).

This is very important because even exposure to visible light and infrared leads to the formation of free radicals and skin damage. For those with sensitive skin prone to blotches and acne rosacea it is essential to protect the skin from heat rays and temperature changes between indoor and outdoor environments.

In the past, sunscreens based on physical filters were not very welcome because of the very visible white patina on the skin.

The most modern formulations are based on the same but micronised powders. This ensures greater product spreadability and even the anti-aesthetic white patina is much less visible.

Titanium dioxide is also used in many other cosmetics, especially in the make-up field. It contributes to the final white colour of the product and gives an opaque, anti-gloss effect, while also giving brightness to the skin, due to its reflecting effect of light.

 The TiO2 titanium dioxide is classified both for animals and humans as biologically inert.

In cosmetics it is increasingly used in micronised form, that is in the form of microparticles.

Certainly there is also titanium dioxide in the form of nanoparticles that would give greater cosmetic spreadability and acceptability, but on nanoparticles and their safety there are more and more doubts.

Nanoparticles are substances smaller than 0.1 micrometres or 100 nanometres.

According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which in 2011 published guidelines for assessing “potential risks related to certain uses of nanotechnology in the food sector”, nanoparticles may have different physical and chemical properties than the same material in non-nanoparticulate form.

For example, it was found that the absorption of UV rays by the TiO2 nanoparticles leads to a greater production of radical oxygen species.

This can lead to cellular damage, genotoxic effects, inflammatory responses.

Due to the widespread use of creams with sunscreen containing TiO2, exposure through the skin can be significant. 

The risk is that such small particles can penetrate through the skin causing damage due to accumulation in the body.

So far, from various studies, it appears that the TiO2 nanoparticles are not able

to penetrate through the intact skin, however, especially in the presence of UV, long-term data is still insufficient.

In the case of damaged or altered skin we know that the penetration of such small particles is possible. Nanoparticles could then pass into the blood and lymphatic flow, and accumulate in various organs causing oxidative stress and inflammation.

Finally, from recent studies it seems that sun protection products and cosmetics based on titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles can also pose some problems to the environment.

(* BASF Environmental Evaluation of Sunscreen Products)

The titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles are released into the seawater during the swim and can have toxic effects on marine organisms. With solar irradiation from the nanoparticles hydrogen peroxide would develop, which is a powerful oxidant and which damages marine plankton, an important component of the ecosystem of the sea and the oceans. It would seem, but it is not certain, that the accumulation of nanoparticles derived from sunscreen products at the coral reef with the consequent decrease in plankton, together with other environmental factors such as the heating of the oceans, is partly responsible for bleaching and of the progressive reduction of corals.

Titanium dioxide in micronised form is certainly safer for the skin. It is however appropriate that in formulations it is associated with antioxidant molecules, precisely to limit and neutralise the development of free radicals which, as I wrote before, always occurs with solar exposure, but to a much lower extent than titanium dioxide in nanoparticles.

Considering that we apply cosmetics to improve the state of the skin or protect it from the harmful effects of the sun, it is always important to evaluate well what to use for our health. And, as it seems, also for the environment

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Dermatologist Tips: Eyelids and make up https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-eyelids-and-make-up/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-eyelids-and-make-up/#respond Wed, 28 Nov 2018 10:45:16 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1195 The skin of the eyelids is very thin (just 0.05 mm) and represents, together with the lips, the most delicate and vulnerable area of ​​our face.

Despite this, the eyelids play a very important protective function: they protect the eyes from mechanical trauma, from sunlight, air, and from potentially harmful external chemical and physical agents.

If we try to force our eyes to stay open without blinking as happens naturally, we will begin to feel a burning sensation in our eyes due to dehydration resulting from prolonged contact with air.

In addition, the eyelids also play a vital aesthetic function: they contribute to the shape of our eyes and the beauty of our gaze.

Various types of make-up products are used to enhance the eyes and accentuate the gaze even more.

Finally, the appearance of the periocular region and of the eyelids is also influenced by the degree of skin ageing (ptosis or eyelid drooping) and by overall health (e.g. bags and dark circles).

The skin of the eyelids contains sebaceous glands at the eyelashes and a few small and widespread sebaceous glands that contribute to the formation of the fatty part of the tear film which protects and hydrates the eyeball.

There are also sweat glands which, with their secretion, externally hydrate the eyelid skin.The crease of the upper eyelid with an open eye helps to keep the skin hydrated.

The skin of the eyelids is, however, very sensitive and can become irritated, with the appearance of the so-called eyelid dermatitis, an inflammatory reaction that most frequently affects the upper eyelid.


Eyelid dermatitis is a very common problem.

It appears in mild cases with:

  • dryness
  • pruritus (itching)
  • desquamation (flaking skin)


In severe cases, also with:

  • intense pruritus
  • burning
  • swelling
  • vesicles and crusts
  • lacrimation (tear production)


Very often it affects children but is also found in adolescents and adults.

The term dermatitis is a generic term that indicates an inflammatory state of the skin triggered by a number of causes.

One of the most frequent is irritation from external agents.This is referred to as irritant contact dermatitis.

Irritant contact dermatitis of the eyelids

Inflammation of the eyelid skin occurs due to contact with a physical or chemical agent.

The most common cause is normal cleansing of the face and hair due to contact with water, cleansers and shampoos.The skin of the face may not be affected, but that of the eyelids, as we have seen, is much more sensitive and delicate, therefore, the calcareous water or surfactants in cleansers can first cause dryness followed by irritation, redness and burning.For the same reason, chlorine in swimming pools can also dry and irritate.

Dry, windy and cold climates, the change of season, and psychophysical stress (with excessive rubbing of the eyes) can also favour its onset.

Of course, the use of creams or make-up can also cause irritant contact dermatitis of the eyelids, but this is less common.

Sometimes the act of applying (excessive rubbing or massaging) the cosmetic can lead to irritation.

People who suffer from Atopic Dermatitis (ezcema), the so-called atopic subjects, are more affected by eyelid dermatitis as they have more sensitive skin and are more vulnerable to external agents.Cold winter weather is often enough to produce annoying irritation.

Atopic subjects have a genetic predisposition to respiratory and food allergies, therefore they also suffer at the same time from allergic conjunctivitis to pollen, household dust or animal dandruff or dander that leads to lacrimation and further irritation of the eyelid area.

Allergic contact dermatitis of the eyelids

It is caused by an allergic reaction to chemicals with which the skin of the eyelids comes into contact.

Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by chemical substances capable of crossing the epidermis, even if it is intact, and of stimulating an immune response by the lymphocytes of the dermis.

It represents 5-10% of cases of reactions to the use of cosmetics: it is often caused by an allergy to nickel (contained in mascara, eyeshadows, eyeliner, pencils), to preservatives and perfumes, to preservatives present in eye drops and liquids for contact lenses, and to resins in nail polish.

The allergic reaction does not appear immediately, but is delayed, occurring even a few days after the use of a product, often making it more difficult to identify the cause.

The main symptom is pruritus, usually very intense, accompanied by redness and formation of vesicles that quickly cover themselves with crusts.


In the event of eyelid dermatitis, it is necessary to contact a specialist dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and to establish the specific cause and, if necessary, to identify the substance responsible for the allergy by means of patch tests.

To prevent irritant eyelid dermatitis:

  • remove eye make-up with very gentle cleansing creams that contain no foaming agents
  • dry the eyelids completely, without rubbing, to remove all traces of moisture
  • avoid applying retinoid or fruit acid based stimulating creams near the periocular region

In all cases of eyelid dermatitis it is advisable to follow some precautions:

  • absolutely avoid rubbing or wetting the eyelids to relieve the burning or itching sensation
  • stop applying cosmetics on the face and eyes (creams, eyeshadow, pencils, mascara and eye-liner) to avoid having to use make-up removers or cleansers
  • avoid applying cosmetics based on natural ingredients that may be irritating or, worse, allergenic
  • avoid swimming pools and saunas
  • avoid contact with shampoo
  • contact a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment

Finally, it is vital to take care of periocular hygiene and use safe, high-quality cosmetics that are certified hypoallergenic and nickel free on the eyes and eyelids.

Autohr: Dott. Francesco Antonaccio

Website: https://www.dermatologoparma.com/
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Dermatologist Tips: Spf and Make Up https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-spf-and-make-up/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-spf-and-make-up/#respond Wed, 28 Nov 2018 09:44:19 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1188 Sunlight is energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation, most of which is filtered by the earth’s atmosphere.Only infrared rays (responsible for heat), ultraviolet type A and B, and visible spectrum radiation responsible for the colours we perceive reach our skin.

A part of these rays is reflected by the stratum corneum, the rest is absorbed bringing about positive effects (production of vitamin D, mood enhancement) but also negative ones such as pathological changes of the skin and photoageing.

The energy transmitted by UV rays causes the formation of free radicals that react in turn with the molecules of the cellular structures.

Followingacute sun exposure (intense but limited in time) like that we subject ourselves to during the summer, sun erythema appears.The skin becomes inflamed and reddened due to the excessive production of free radicals, and this leads to an increase in the production of melanin which presents itself as a tan.The latter, as aesthetically pleasing and pleasant it may be, is actually a reaction of our skin’s defences.

Ultraviolet A and B rays are harmful not only in the short term but also in the long term. Daily sun exposure, even if not intense, still results in cumulative damage.           UVs progressively alter the dermis and epidermis producing the signs of photoageing and the appearance of skin tumours.

Premature ageing, with an appearance of thickened and translucent skin, roughness, blemishes and dilated capillaries, causes the skin to lose its beauty and balance.       We must and can avoid it or, at least, slow it down.

Using cosmetics with a sun protection factor (spf) can help us:

  • it makes the skin less vulnerable,
  • it limits damage,
  • it reduces inflammation and skin reactivity,
  • it gives our skin time to recover and regenerate antioxidant reserves.

 The sun protection factor (SPF)indicates the ability of a cosmetic to delay the onset of sun erythema and is calculated based on this formula:

SPF (Sun Protection Factor) = MED (minimal erythemal dose) with the use of sun protection / MED (minimal erythemal dose) without the use of sun protection

In simple and practical terms:

SPF (Sun Protection Factor) = time of onset of erythema with the use of sun protection / time of onset of erythema without the use of sun protection.

Conversely, if you want to know how long you can expose yourself to the sun after applying a photoprotector with SPF = n before solar erythema appears, simply invert the formula:

time of onset of erythema with the use of sun protection = SPF x time of onset of erythema without the use of sun protection.

Let’s assume that your skin normally turns red after just 10 minutes of sun exposure. If you apply a cream with SPF= 30, the onset of erythema will not occur after 10′ but after 300′ (30 x 10′), i.e 5 hours.

Is that actually true?

Be careful, only in theory, because the protection factor is a rather approximate (laboratory) index as it does not take into account “live” and individual factors including phototype, skin type, skin condition itself at a given moment, season, climate and latitude.

A basic rule to take care of your skin is to knowit, to know what kind of skin we have and our phototype (basic pigmentation and pigmentation capacity).Only in this way can we apply any of the other rules I have suggested to always have perfect skin: respect the skin.

This implies choosing and using cosmetics that are suitable for your skin, but also healthy and moderate sun exposure.

We must not deprive ourselves of the pleasure of soaking up the sun, but we must protect our skin from excessive exposure and damage, even from that, little but constant, due to our inevitable exposure to sunlight every day.

Cosmetics can include substances that interact chemically with the sun’s rays, absorbing their energy (chemical filters) such as cinnamates, triazine and mexoryl, or those that physical reflect light (physical filters).

It is important to apply a little but constant sun protection, through the daily use (all year round) of cosmetic products containing preferably physical sunscreens (micronised titanium dioxide and zinc oxide): these reflect not only the UV but also infrared rays, equally harmful for fair and couperose skin.

If these products also contain ingredients with antioxidant properties such as olive oil, chlorella alga (rich in chlorophyll), vitamin E or tocopherol, vitamin C and phytosterols, then they will be even more effective for the beauty of the skin.They will have a defence action, not only passive, but also active because they will help neutralise free radicals from the very beginning.

Finally, we can say that regular application of sun protection, as part of our daily cosmetic routine, may very well be the best anti-wrinkle advice we can follow!

Autohr: Dott. Francesco Antonaccio

Website: https://www.dermatologoparma.com/




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Dermatologist Tips: The 9 Rules For Correct Hygiene and Make-Up https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-the-9-rules-for-correct-hygiene-and-make-up/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-the-9-rules-for-correct-hygiene-and-make-up/#respond Wed, 28 Nov 2018 09:38:00 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1184 Skin hygiene and cleaning make-up tools & accessories must always be thorough.

Whenever we touch our face with our hands or make-up tools, we spread germs that can sometimes be pathogenic.

Very often we do not realise it, but the consequences can be really unpleasant: skin infections such as folliculitis, impetigo, and warts can occur.

The pathogenic bacteria that most frequently cause these skin diseases are streptococci and staphylococci, but sometimes even fungi and viruses can cause problems.

Hands are the part of the body that we use the most, we touch everything without even thinking about it, and then we touch our face or, worse still, apply moisturising or anti-wrinkle creams, foundation and other make-up with our hands.In this way we contaminate not only the skin but also the cosmetics that we use every day.

The skin has its own antimicrobial defences and cosmetic products contain preservatives to reduce the contamination from yeasts, moulds and bacteria, under normal conditions of use, and therefore within certain limits.In cosmetics, the greater the presence of water, the greater the probability of microbial growth and multiplication.The continuous opening and contamination with fingers and/or various objects could compromise the microbiological stability.

We are able to outline a series of hygiene rules to avoid problems with the use of cosmetics.

The first rule to prevent skin irritation and infections is:

always wash your hands before touching the skin and before applying any cream or make-up product.

The second rule is:

always wash your face before applying cosmetics and before applying make-up. By doing so we also remove dirt, smog, excess sebum and germs from the skin’s surface.If we apply any cosmetic on unclean skin, we would only create favourable conditions for irritations, allergies, infections and pimples.

The third rule is:

avoid, if possible, directly touching or picking up the cosmetic product with your handsin order to reduce the likelihood of microbial contamination. In particular, make-up requires the use of special tools and accessories (brushes, sponges, etc.), both for more accurate application and to reduce the risk of contamination of the product itself. These tools, however, are also likely to become a real haven for germs if we do not clean them regularly or do not replace them from time to time, a bit like we do with our toothbrush. Traces of make-up, cell debris, sebum and germs always accumulate on brushes and sponges.These can become a source of skin infections too.

The fourth rule is:

after use, remove the excess product from brushes and sponges using clean paper towel, a wet wipe, or by simply shaking it. Brushes can also be cleaned with an alcohol wet wipe to remove excess product faster and better. If brushes are dirty, it will also be difficult to apply products like foundation or powder and the make-up will not be uniform. Furthermore, this will ruin the tool itself, the bristles will become stiffer and tend to irritate the skin, especially if sensitive.

How do we clean other tools & accessories or make-up products like lipsticks, mascara and pencils or concealer sticks?

Lipsticks and concealer sticks can be cleaned by removing a thin layer with an alcohol wet wipe.

Your mascara brush must be washed at least with water before putting it back inside its container, in order to remove the excess product

Pencils can be cleaned after use, by sharpening them in order to remove the outer layer and remake the tip.

The fifth rule is:

on a regular basis, thoroughly clean brushes, sponges and other make-up tools & accessories.At least once a week.Everyday if you have skin infections.

Brushes and sponges must be washed properly at least once a week.You can clean them with liquid neutral soap or diluted shampoo.Brushes can also be immersed for a few minutes in a glass of ethyl alcohol to dissolve and remove the oily residues and disinfect them better.

There are also alcohol-based sprays to clean brushes and pencils available on the market.

It is always a good idea to remove excess alcohol and/or water with a clean towel and allow them to air dry properly.Place the brushes flat on paper towel, never vertically with the tip pointing up, otherwise water can stagnate at the base of the brush and promote bacterial proliferation.

The sixth rule is:

 Replace brushes and sponges from time to time.At least each month.

The seventh rule is:

Do not share cosmetics and make-up with friends.
This is to prevent the transmission of bacterial and/or viral infections.

The eighth rule is:

If you have a skin infection or suffer from acne with papules and pustules, you need to clean and disinfect the make-up tools & accessories after every use.

In particular, in case of infectious conjunctivitis, mascara and pencils must always be replaced.

The ninth rule is:

Pay attention to product expiry dates.

The expiry date after opening (PAO) is indicated on the product packaging.It indicates, approximately, the moment in which the cosmetic will lose its chemical and microbiological stability after opening: we will notice that the cream no longer appears homogeneous, or some components will be oxidised and degraded, and the cosmetic will present colour and odour variations.

Let’s use our precious cosmetics and make-up tools in the best way possible to make our skin healthier and more beautiful.And to avoid problems, let’s follow these 9 simple hygiene rules.

Autohr: Dott. Francesco Antonaccio

Website: https://www.dermatologoparma.com/
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Dermatologist Tips: Dry and creased Lips https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-dry-and-creased-lips/ https://purobiocosmetics.com/dermatologist-tips-dry-and-creased-lips/#respond Wed, 28 Nov 2018 09:27:43 +0000 http://purobiocosmetics.com/?p=1180 The structure of the lips: why they are delicate

The skin of the lips, compared to other areas of the body, has a different structure. It is much thinner and more transparent, consequently the capillaries present below are much more visible and give the lips their characteristic rosy colour.

To be precise, it is the outermost layer, the stratum corneum, that is thinner. In actual fact, it is called the pseudo-mucous membrane of the lips.

The stratum corneum, despite being made up of dead cells, plays an important role in the skin’s defences.

It contributes 90% of the skin barrier function by reducing the penetration of foreign and harmful substances into the underlying epidermis and the evaporation of water to the outside (TEWL = trans epidermal water loss).

In the lips, therefore, the skin barrier is less powerful, so even the water content tends to constantly shrink and the lips tend to dehydrate.

According to recent studies it seems  that ceramides, fatty substances that act as “cement” between the corneocytes, the cells of the stratum corneum, are very important for maintaining the optimal barrier function for the lip.

The skin of the lips also has other peculiarities:there are no hair follicles, while sebaceous and sweat glands are generally absent. This means that the hydrolipidic film is minimal, which increases the risk of dehydration. Finally, also the melanocytes, the cells that produce the pigment melanin, are present in smaller quantities.This means less protection against damage from the sun’s rays.

Dryness is the most common lip complaint. Dry lips are characterised by extreme dryness and fragility, with the appearance of cracks and even the formation of bleeding and painful “cuts” (fissures). The symptoms are very annoying: burning, redness, swelling, feeling of tension. Dry lips can be caused by many internal and external factors.

Internal factors are less frequent and are caused by vitamin deficiencies (vitamins B and C), viral, bacterial or fungal infections, and dehydration of the body.

In case of infection, it is advisable to avoid using lipsticks and cosmetic products that could spread it to surrounding areas, until it has cleared up.

Some medicines can also cause dry and chapped lips as a side effect: these include isotretinoin (antiacne), diuretics, anxiolytics and antidepressants.

However, the most common internal cause is atopic dermatitis: a state of increased dryness and weakness of the skin associated with a constitutional predisposition to respiratory and food allergies.

Precisely because of their more delicate structure, external factors are very important.

Let’s take a look at those most commonly involved:

  1. A cold or warm and dry, windy climate (such as in the mountains or by the sea) increases dehydration causing greater water evaporation.
  2. The habit of frequently licking and biting the lips: saliva actually removes the already thin hydrolipidic protective film resulting in dryness.
  3. Irritant or allergic contact dermatitis caused by aggressive products including soaps, toothpastes, mouthwashes, lipsticks.

It is, therefore, essential to avoid unsuitable or poor quality products that may contain irritants or sensitisers.

In such case, it is good idea to immediately suspend the use of any suspect product and contact a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis using specific tests.


Remedies And Treatments

The first remedy is to hydrate from the inside (with a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, drinking at least 2 litres of water a day) and from the outside through the application of lip balms with a nourishing, moisturising and protective action.

They must be applied generously in the morning and evening and during the day (even under the lipstick).

In the evening or when needed, it is possible to apply them generously like a mask/pack, performing a real shock treatment to counteract dryness and dehydration, and always have soft and protected lips.

The most suitable substances to protect the lips from wind, sun, and the cold are plant ingredients that restore the barrier function.

Of these, one of the most effective and rich is shea butter, a natural product with emollient and healing properties that can soften the lips and accelerate skin repair.

Vitamin E, with an antioxidant and soothing action, and the essential fatty acids contained in various vegetable oils (wheat germ, sunflower, flax seed) can also be useful in the formulation of lip balms.

In the absence of internal or external pathologies that would require an assessment and prescription of a treatment by a dermatologist, these cosmetics can be useful and effective for preventive purposes and to reduce the burning, as well as improving the aesthetic appearance of dry and chapped lips, and even resolving the issue.

Autohr: Dott. Francesco Antonaccio

Website: https://www.dermatologoparma.com/
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